Category Archives: History
What do the state of Arizona and Trudi Fletcher have in common? They are both celebrating their centennial year in 2012.
During the month of May, Tubac Center of the Arts is privileged to feature the wonderful paintings of Trudi Fletcher. Trudi has been a well-known artist, gallery owner and resident of Tubac for over 40 years.
Trudi Fletcher first visited Tubac in 1949 when Dale Nichol’s art school was running. Trudi never forgot Tubac and eventually, she and her husband Albert settled in Tubac in 1967 where she opened the Dos Hermanas Gallery with her sister, Kay Davis. Dos Hermanos Gallery, which Trudi operated until age 87, was a fixture in the village of Tubac where her distinctive style of watercolors, oils, silk-screens and batiks were shown.
“At 99 years of age, the year 2011, a strong creative excitement came over me. I didn’t want to paint landscapes or still life’s, so I was painting shapes and colors. I began to see people, animals and exotic birds emerging from my paintings,” says Trudi Fletcher.
Three generations of Trudi’s family members will be at TCA for a very special party on Saturday, May 5th, for an opening reception from 3-5pm. The exhibition will feature over a dozen of Trudi’s 2011 series of paintings known as “The 98’s”, her age during the year she painted them. Now, you can celebrate the Centennial and meet an amazing artist who has shown that the creative spirit flourishes throughout a lifetime of study, practice and accomplishments.
Also in the gallery at TCA, our annual Hi-Art exhibit runs May 4th through May 17th, with an opening reception on Friday, May 4th from 5-7pm presenting the exceptional creative talents of local high school students from Sahuarita, Rio Rico and Nogales High Schools.
Tubac Center of the Arts is a non-profit arts organization dedicated to the celebration and promotion of the arts through education, exhibitions, performances, and the collection and presentation of art that honors the artistic and historic heritage of Tubac and the Santa Cruz Valley. We are located at 9 Plaza Road, Tubac, AZ 85646. http://www.tubacarts.org
On December 7, 1941, some 1,177 sailors lost their lives on the USS Arizona when Japanese forces launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. The following day, America entered World War II.
Over 70 years have passed since President Franklin Roosevelt called the attack “a date which will live in infamy,” and yet for many of us, Pearl Harbor is merely another page in the history books. Time is funny like that. While it can heal a great many wounds, it can also enable us to forget. Everyday, we are losing more and more survivors of that war… members of the Greatest Generation. Tributes on the anniversary have become brief. We often fail to take time out to mourn the lives lost and contemplate the enormity of that day.
They say past is prologue, and that is a terrible shame. Still, there are those who rise to the occasion and make it their mission to remind us that events like Pearl Harbor and World War II should never be forgotten.
Arizona Secretary of State Ken Bennett is such an individual. He is working on a monumental project to honor the Arizonans who lost their lives at Pearl Harbor and in the war that followed. “There is a memorial for every US war except World War II,” says Secretary Bennett. ”We have a couple of artifacts from the Arizona and people think that’s our memorial.”
The plan involves relocating two gun barrels — one from the USS Arizona and the other from the USS Missouri — to Wesley Bolin Plaza. Indeed, the two guns symbolize the beginning and the end of the war: The Arizona’s demise brought America into World War II and Japan’s surrender took place on the Missouri in 1945. Once these historic barrels are refurbished, they will be positioned as “bookends” at the new memorial, which is being designed to represent the structural support profile of the Arizona using steel pylons. In addition, name plates will be fastened to the pylons. “Adding the names will help put the focus on the people who gave the ultimate sacrifice,” says Secretary Bennett.
So how did the project come to be? When the Arizona was attacked, it sank without barrel 41L3 — the gun was removed prior to the attack so it could be relined and test fired. Fast-forward and the decommissioned barrels from both ships were left to rust at two separate Virginia naval yards. Secretary Bennett and his team, which included Assistant Secretary of State Jim Drake and his Director of Communications and Community Outreach, Matthew Roberts, decided to acquire both guns for the memorial.
The entire effort has been funded by donations. If you wish to make a donation to this project, you can visit: www.gunstosalutethefallen.com or text SOS to 50555 and your donation will appear on your next cell phone bill.
Secretary Bennett and his team hope to unveil the memorial on the 71st anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Arizona Archaeology and Heritage Awareness Month is intended to inform the public about archeology in the state of Arizona. In Grand Canyon National Park alone, over 4300 archeological sites have been recorded to date, and archeologists estimate that the park may have as many as 50,000-to-60,000 sites. Some of the artifacts found in the park date back almost 12,000 years, testimony to the vast extent of the human history of the area. That history lives on as the descendents of those ancient peoples continue to utilize the area today.
The event will feature opportunities for visitors to try their hands at making clay pinch pots and split-twig figurines; creating rock art using scratch art paper; coloring Hopi pot designs; sifting for artifacts; and planting corn, beans and squash seeds- traditional foods of the park’s native peoples. Additionally, there will be special programs by park archeologist Jason Nez and NAU anthropology professor Chris Downum.
All activities are free and family friendly and will take place between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. at the Shrine of the Ages which can be easily accessed via the park’s free Village Route shuttle.
Archeology Day will conclude with a very special evening program by Shonto Begay, artist, author, educator and Grand Canyon Master Artist-in-Residence. Begay will discuss how his Navajo heritage and the rich culture of the Navajo reservation have influenced his contemporary paintings, as well as his environmental and social justice activism. Begay’s program will begin at 7:30 p.m. at the Shrine of Ages Auditorium located on the South Rim near Parking Lot A.
For more information on Archeology Day and on special park programs happening throughout Archeology and Heritage Awareness Month, please visit the park’s web site or call Supervisory Park Ranger Libby Schaaf at 928-638-7641.
Arizona Highways would like to wish Susie Yazzie a very happy birthday … This “grandmother of Monument Valley” is turning 100 and we thought we’d share a profile of Susie that appeared in the February 2011 issue of the magazine below.
Susie has lived a traditional Navajo life — raising sheep, carding wool and weaving rugs. She has also worked as an extra in several John Ford movies, appeared in books, documentaries and magazines. To this day, this remarkable woman continues to welcome visitors to her hogan in Monument Valley … a worthwhile stop should the opportunity present itself.
Happy Birthday Susie! We wish you all the very best.
Your friends at Arizona Highways.
Several weeks ago, we received an interesting e-mail from our our friends at Tumácacori National Historical Park. In it, they talked about the meaning of the name Arizona……. According to the e-mail, Don Garate, former Chief of Interpretation at Tumacácori, as well as “the world’s authority on Juan Bautista de Anza and phenomenal historian,” wrote several articles detailing the origin of the name Arizona. Garate was of Basque descent and spoke the language…. Unfortunately he passed away in 2010, leaving Tumacacori to share the story.
We’ve decided to share the story below…. It’s an interesting slice of Arizona history and if you want to learn more, be sure to visit Tumácacori National Historical Park’s website. You can also e-mail questions to the Acting Chief of Interpretation at Anita_Badertscher@nps.gov.
**Editor’s note: This story was submitted to Arizona Highways by Tumacácori National Historical Park. Arizona Highways did not edit this content for factual accuracy.
Basque is a unique language, unlike any other known to linguists. The word “Arizona” breaks down into components that require four words in English:
Ariz: oak tree
To make it plural, you would add a “c,” making it “Arizonac.”
In October 1736, Yaqui Indian prospector Antonio Siraumea stumbled upon large pieces of silver in the hills forty miles southwest of the Tumacácori Mission. News of the discovery spread quickly. Prospectors rushed to the canyon from all over Sonora to dig for the “balls and plates” of almost pure silver. One prospector, José Fermín de Almazán, found a single slab that weighed over one hundred arrobas, roughly 1 ¼ tons.
By mid-November, Juan Bautista de Anza (senior), Captain of the Fronteras Presidio and Chief Justice of Sonora, learned of the discovery. He travelled to the site to halt the illegal, unregistered collecting, and to determine whether the find was a buried treasure, a clandestine smelting operation, or a natural vein. If the silver was a natural deposit, the prospectors would owe Spain’s King Philip one-fifth of their find. If it was a treasure, ALL of the silver would belong to the King.
By the time Anza arrived, there were 400 people digging for the precious metal. Anza stationed soldiers on-site to prevent further mining. He set up his headquarters twelve miles away, at the home of Deputy Justice Bernardo de Urrea. Urrea’s ranch was called “Arizona,” meaning “the good oak tree” in Basque, his native language.
From Arizona, Captain Anza impounded silver, recorded statements, and conducted the investigation. Discussion then moved to Mexico City. Finally, in August, Anza and five of Sonora’s leading miners returned to examine the canyon. The “experts” unanimously agreed that the silver was from natural veins. The silver — minus the King’s fifth — was returned to the miners.